Last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him)
Muslims believe that Hazrat Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) is the last prophet in a long series of prophets sent to invite people to worship and worship only God (“Allah” in Arabic) alone. Some of these prophets include Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, David, Solomon, and Jesus.
Just as Moses was sent with the Torah (the original uncorrupted revelation sent to Moses). Jesus (Peace Be Upon Him) with the Gospel (the original, uncorrupted revelation – not the present-day versions). Our last Prophet Peace Be Upon Him was sent with the Qur’an to act on how to apply his teachings.
Hazrat Aisha Siddiqa (RA) is wife of the Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH). She was once asked to describe the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), and She replied that “his character was a reflection of the Quran” (Muslim, 40), That is, they have thoroughly adhered to the excellent teachings of the Qur’an in their daily lives. We will show how they translated these great teachings into good deeds.
Muslims observe the Prophet Muhammed’s (Peace Be Upon Him) birthday on the 12th day of the Islamic month of Rabi’ al-awwal. Mawlid, or Milad, is celebrated with large street parades in all over the world. Homes and mosques are also decorated. Some people donate food and other goods for charity on or around this day. Others listen and read out Naats about events that occurred in the Prophet Muhammed’s life. Mawlid is celebrated in this way in all over the world every year with full of celebrations.
The Mission of Mercy
“And We (God) have not sent you (Muhammad) except as a mercy for mankind.” Qur’an 21:107
In addition to inviting people to pray, fast, and perform charity. He also taught that one’s faith in God should also affect one’s treatment of others. He said: “The best of you are they who have the best character.”
Many of the teachings of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) emphasize the relationship between faith and practice, for example: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should not hurt his neighbour, and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should serve his guest generously, and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day, should speak what is good or keep quiet.”
Our last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) taught humans to show mercy and respect one another. “He who does not show mercy to others, will not be shown mercy.”
In another great time, when some people requested the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) to ask Allah (“God”) to punish the disbelievers. But He (Peace Be Upon Him) replied: “I have not been sent as one to curse but as a mercy.”
“Let them forgive and overlook: do you not wish that Allah should forgive you? For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”Qur’an 24:22
Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him) was the most forgiving of all people and the kindest to the mankind. If someone abused him, he would forgive him, and the harsher a person was, the more patient he would become. He was very gentle and forgiving, especially when he had the upper hand and the power to retaliate.
Our last Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was all for forgiveness and no amount of crime or aggression against him was too great to be forgiven by him. He was the perfect example of forgiveness and kindness, as explained in the following verse of the Qur’an: “Keep to forgiveness (O Muhammad), and enjoin kindness, and turn away from the ignorant.” (Al-Qur’an 7:199)
Following are sayings of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Where he taught that all humans are equal in the sight of God:
“All humanity is from Adam and Adam is from clay. There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab, nor for a black over a white; except through piety.”
“God does not judge you according to your appearance and your wealth, but He looks at your hearts and looks into your deeds.”
It is related that once a companion of the Prophet (peace be upon him) called another companion in an offensive way, “Son of a black woman!”. The Prophet (peace be upon him), became angry and replied. “Do you condemn him because of the blackness of his mother? You still have within you traces of ignorance from the pre-Islamic period.”
“Good deeds and evil deeds are not equal. Repel evil with what is best, then he with whom you had enmity shall become as a loyal friend.”Qur’an 41:34
“You should not do evil to those who do evil to you, but you should deal with them with forgiveness and kindness.” This is how the last Messenger of God (peace be upon him) reacted in such a way to personal attacks and abuse.
There are several instances in the life of last Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him), where he had the opportunity to take revenge on those who wronged him, but he refused to do so.
He Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) taught man to be patient in the face of difficulties: “The strong is not the one who overcomes people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.”
Showing patience does not mean that a Muslim should be passive and not defend himself in the event of an attack.. Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) stated that, “Do not wish to meet the enemy, but when you meet (face) the enemy, be patient (i.e. stand firm when facing the enemy).”
“By the grace of Allah, you are gentle towards the people; if you had been harsh and hard-hearted, they would have dispersed from around you.”Qur’an 3:159
A Companion who served Hazrat Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH) for ten years, said that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was always gentle in dealing with him.. “When I did something, he never questioned my manner of doing it; and when I did not do something, he never questioned my failure to do it. He was the friendliest of all men.”
On one occasion, the Prophet’s (Peace Be Upon Him) wife reacted angrily after humiliating a man..
Our Beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) advised her: “Be gentle and calm, O ‘Aisha, as Allah likes gentleness in all affairs.”
He also said: “Show gentleness! For if gentleness is found in something, it beautifies it, and when it is taken out from anything, it makes it deficient.”
“And the servants of The Most Gracious (God) are those who walk on the earth in humbleness, and when the ignorant address them, they say: ‘Peace.’ ”Qur’an 25:63
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) prevented people not to stand for him with respect. He sat wherever a place was available and never looked for prominence. In matter of clothing he never wore anything which distinguish himself from other common persons of society. Life of Our Beloved Prophet Peace Be Upon Him is full of practices to help the poor. He used to sit with the needy peoples and support the widows. Those who did not know him could not distinguish him from the rest of the crowd.
Addressing his companions, he said: “Allah has revealed to me, that you must be humble. No one should boast over one another, and no one should oppress another.”
“Do not exceed bounds in praising me as the Christians do in praising Jesus, Son of Mary. I am only the Lord’s servant; then call me the Servant of Allah and His Messenger.”
The Ideal Husband
“And live with them (your spouses) in kindness.”
The Prophet’s beloved wife, Aa’isha, said of her noble husband. “He used to repair his shoes, sew or mend his clothes and do what ordinary men did in their houses.”
Not only was he a loyal husband, he also motivated his companions to follow his example. “The most perfect of the believers in faith are the best of them in morals. And the best among them are those who are best to their wives.”
Comments from Non-Muslims
Mahatma K Gandhi, Remarks by a major political and spiritual leader of freedom movement of India: “It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of the Prophet, the scrupulous regard for his pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle.”
George Bernard Shaw, the British writer, said: “The world is in dire need of a man with the mind of Muhammad; religious people in the Middle Ages, due to their ignorance and prejudice, had pictured him in a very dark way as they used to consider him the enemy of Christianity. But after looking into the story of this man I found it to be an amazing and a miraculous one, and I came to the conclusion that he was never an enemy of Christianity, and must be called instead the saviour of humanity. In my opinion, if he was to be given control over the world today, he would solve our problems and secure the peace and happiness which the world is longing for.”